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adob photoshop notes class 28
5. When you get to the edge of the picture area, hold the space bar down and drag with the hand tool until you have a fresh section to work with.
6. Note: you do not have to work in one long continuous move. That is a great convenience. You can easily take a break on your way and rest your hand.
7. If you make an error, just hold the Alt key down and erase the erroneous area. Continue this way until you reach all the way around.
8. It might be hard to select close to the figureÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s hands and feet, since you can not see the contour well. But it is not important for now if the selection is not perfect. Rather take a little more time than not enough.
9. When you finish your way around, you can doubleclick on the button for the hand tool. Then you see the whole picture again.
10. Now click on the Fill tool:
11. Place the cursor in the middle of the figure and click. The area inside the green selection is now covered with a blue color, indicating that this area is to be preserved:
12. You are now ready to remove the background. Click on the Preview button:
13. Then the background is removed. But the picture is not finished; this is a temporary free scrape. You can still fine tune the details.
Fine tuning before final extraction
Now the figure has to be carefully examined. Among other things that involves the areas around hands and feet, but the whole edge has to be checked.
<table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tbody><tr> <td valign="top" width="336"> 1. Start up by the head. Zoom in strongly. Inspect the edge carefully. There are probably some small items that can be improved. Here you see an area where some holes appear to have developed inside the figure:
</td> <td valign="top" width="18">
</td> </tr> </tbody></table>
2. Click on Cleanup Tool:
3. The tool works this way: When you paint along the edge, you remove parts of the motif. If you simultaneously hold the Alt key down, you reconstruct the original figure.
<table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tbody><tr> <td valign="top" width="336"> 4. You need to use both functions. Paint carefully along the contour alternately with and without the Alt key, until the contour is reconstructed:
</td> <td valign="top" width="18">
</td> </tr> </tbody></table>
5. You can adjust how weak or strong the effect will be by entering a number between 1 and 9. The mouse button must not be depressed while you enter the number, and you can not see that anything happens. But if you press 1, the tool only works very weakly. Try to start with the value 6.
6. Now work the whole edge with a critical eye. Use the tool close to the contour with the Alt key down on the inside of the figure. Use it without the Alt key on the outside of the figure.
7. Adjust the brush size as needed. When you get to the left hand, you need to use a quite small brush (size 1,2 or 3) to free the fingers:
8. When you are satisfied with the result, you click on OK. Then save the image file again.
Figure 27. The extraction is complete.
Composition with adjustment of colors
We hope that you managed to free scrape a really splendid figure. Of course it will be used in a new composition.
1. You still have sapiens1.psd read into Photoshop. Now open the image file la_defense.jpg, which can also be retrieved from the home page for this booklet. That is a photo of a cold and modern city environment, in which we need to place our human body.
2. You now have two open image files. Switch to the picture sapiens1 (with Control+F6).
3. Choose the function Auto Contrast:
4. Then the colors get much better for our purposes. Save the file sapiens1.psd with the new color adjustment (press Control+s).
5. Now select everything in the picture with Control+a and make a copy with Control+c. Shift to the other picture, la_defense, and insert the copy there with Control+v.
6. The copy is inserted in a new layer. Now you need to save the image file. Try to press Control+s.
7. You would normally expect that the file la_defense.jpg is saved, but that is not the case. That is because there is more than one layer in this picture, and that is not possible in the JPEG format. In stead save the file in the Photoshop format as la_defense.psd.
The body is too large relative to the rest of the picture. It needs to be scaled.
1. So press Control+t to make a so-called free transformation. The figure gets equippped with handles in all corners, and they can be used to scale and transform the figure in different ways.
2. Here we just need to reduce its size. So hold the Shift- key down, and drag in the upper right corner handle. Drag the figure down to a size like this:
3. Press Enter to finish the transformation, and the figure gets the new size. Notice that this retains the figureÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s proportions when you use the Shift- key while scaling; its proportions are not distorted.
4. You need to insert yet another figure. Select the one you inserted with Control+a. DonÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t let it confuse you that you apparently select the whole picture area. Since the figure is the only picture content, only that is selected.
5. Make a copy (with Control+c), and insert that (with Control+v). That results in a third layer in the picture:
6. The new figure needs to be mirrored. The layer is selected. Press Control+t to activate the Ã¢â‚¬ÂFree transformationÃ¢â‚¬Â function. The figure gets equipped with 8 handles, in whih you can drag with the mouse.
7. Drag in the middle handle on the frameÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s right side. Drag towards the left; drag all the way across the figure:
8. Drag until the figureÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s frame has about the same size as before. Then release and press Enter. The the figure is mirrored.
9. Use the Move tool to place the two figures as shown below. Save the image file again. Now you are finished with this picture.
Figure 28. A composition in three layers.
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