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    Default Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop

    In this tutorial, I will show you a simple, yet creative, technique that results in a realistic wood texture. This tutorial was written for anyone with a basic understanding of Photoshop.
    The Final Image

    This is what we will be creating:
    wood 017c - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 1: Setting Up the Document

    Create a new Photoshop Document (File>New) to be 1500 x 1500px.
    wood 001 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 2: Adding Background Color

    Select a dark brown color and Fill the canvas with it. For this image, I used #5a3222.
    wood 002 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 3: Adding a New Layer

    Create a new layer and name it ‘Grain’. Before we do anything to this layer, make sure your colors are reset to black and white.
    wood 003 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 4: Rendering Clouds

    Add some clouds to this layer by going to Filter>Render>Clouds.
    wood 004 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Your image should resemble the following:
    wood 004b - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 5: Stretching It Out

    Transform (Cmd/Ctrl+T) the height of the ‘Grain’ layer by 600%.
    wood 005 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 6: Blurring It Up

    Add a strong Motion Blur (Filter>Blur>Motion Blur) to the ‘Grain’ layer. I used a setting of 236px
    wood 006a - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Your image should now look like this:
    wood 006b - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 7: Posterizing Magic

    This next step is what makes this texture possible. Go to Image>Adjustments>Posterize and set it to 25 Levels. You can see that our image has some good separations that we will use to create wood grain.
    wood 007a - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    wood 007b - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 8: Making the Grain

    To get the wood grain to show, go to Filter>Stylize>Find Edges.
    wood 008a - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    You’ll notice that we have a pattern that resembles wood grain, but it’s not quite there yet. Let’s darken this layer by adjusting its Levels (Ctrl/Cmd+L) :
    wood 008c - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 9: Adding Noise

    We want to add some texture to the grain (as well as break it up). To do this, go to Filter>Noise>Add Noise and set the Amount to 65%.
    wood 009 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 10: Blurring the Lines







    Next, go to Filter>Blur>Motion Blur and give it the following settings:
    wood 010 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 11: Setting Up for Depth

    This next step is optional, but if you want to add some depth to the wood grain, then we need to set it up now. Go ahead and make a copy of the ‘Grain’ layer and rename it to ‘Specularity’ (this will become our specularity map). Position the layer as shown below (you can hide this layer since we wont need it just yet):
    wood 011 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Specularity:

    Those who have used 3D software will recognize this word. It simply refers to a specific kind of highlight—usually a very focused spot of light on an object. A Specularity map is just an image that defines where the specular highlights go.

    Step 12: Finishing up the Wood

    Set the Blending Mode of the ‘Grain’ layer to Multiply. At this point, you have a finished wood texture. However, we can continue from here and add some depth to the wood grain using the ‘Specularity’ layer.
    wood 012 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 13: Working with Specularity

    Now, let’s start to refine the ‘Specularity’ layer. First, hide the ‘Grain’ layer and make the ‘Specularity’ layer visible
    wood 013 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 14: Refining the Specularity Map

    We need to Invert (Ctrl/Cmd+I) the ‘Specularity’ layer. Once this is done, bring up the Levels (Ctrl/Cmd+L) and adjust them as follows (the result will be our specularity map):
    wood 014 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 15: Applying the Specularity Map

    Change the Blending Mode to ‘Screen’ and set this layer’s Opacity to 10%. Go ahead to unhide the ‘Grain’ layer.
    wood 015 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 16: The Final Adjustment

    To fully get the effect of the specularity map, nudge the ‘Specularity’ layer down and right a few pixels. This effect is subtle, but worth it!
    wood 016 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Step 17: Finishing the Texture

    If you want, you can add some color variation to your texture by selecting the ‘Background’using the Dodge and Burn tools as shown: layer and
    wood 017 - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Your final image should resemble the following:
    wood 017c - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
    Feel free to adjust the color of the ‘Background’ layer to acheive the wood coloring of your choice.
    wood 017d - Custom Wood Texture in Adobe Photoshop
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