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    Default Ruling on writing (S) or (SAWS) etc

    Is it permissible to write (S) or (SAWS) etc when mentioning the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), instead of writing out the blessing in full?.

    Praise be to Allaah.

    What is prescribed is to write “salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wa salaam (May Allaah send blessings and peace upon him)” in full, and not to write it in abbreviated form, such as writing (S) or (SAWS) etc.

    Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

    As it is prescribed to send blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in prayer when saying the tashahhud, and it is prescribed when giving khutbahs, saying du’aa’ and praying for forgiveness, and after the adhaan, and when entering and exiting the mosque, and when mentioning him in other circumstances, so it is more important to do so when writing his name in a book, letter, article and so on. So it is prescribed to write the blessing in full so as to fulfil the command that Allaah has given to us, and so that the reader will remember to say the blessing when he reads it. So we should not write the blessing on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in short form such as writing (S) or (SAWS) etc, or other forms that some writers use, because that is going against the command of Allaah in His Book, where He says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “Send your Salaah on (ask Allaah to bless) him (Muhammad), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islamic way of greeting (salutation, i.e. As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum)”

    [al-Ahzaab 33:56]



    And that (writing it in abbreviated form) does not serve that purpose and is devoid of the virtue of writing “salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wa salaam (May Allaah send blessings and peace upon him)” in full. Moreover the reader may not take notice of it and may not understand what is meant by it. It should also be noted that the symbol used for it is regarded as disapproved by the scholars, who warned against it.



    Abbreviating (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) to (S) or (SAW) or the like



    Question: Is it permissible to write the letter (S) [Saad] instead of (writing) ((sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam)), and why?

    Response: The Sunnah is to write the entire phrase ((sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam)) - since it is a supplication; And the supplication is a (form of) worship, such as verbally saying it (the phrase), and the abbreviation for it using the letter (S) [Saad] or (SAW) [Saad 'Ayn Waaw] (or (SAAW) or the like) is not (constitute) a supplication, and nor a (form of) worship, whether it be by speech or writing. And because of this, this abbreviation was not used by those of the first three generations about whom the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) bore witness to their excellence.

    And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.


    The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa, comprising -
    Head: Shaykh 'Abdul 'Azeez Ibn Abdullaah Ibn Baaz;
    Member: Shaykh 'Abdur-Razzaaq 'Afeefee;
    Member: Shaykh 'Abdullaah Ibn Ghudayyaan;
    Member: Shaykh 'Abdullaah Ibn Qu'ood
    Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-'Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa., - Volume 12, Page 208, Question 3 of Fatwa No.5069


    Source:Fatwa-Online - Enjoining the good and forbidding the evil

    The Prohibition on Abbreviating the Salaah and Salaams upon the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam

    An important clarification on abbreviating the salaah and the salaams upon the beloved Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam and the impermissibility of it. A compilation of statements from the scholars of the past and present on this erroneous action.

    In the Name of Allaah, may the Salaah and Salaam of Allaah be upon His Final Messenger, to proceed:

    Muslims are obliged to send Allaah's Salaah [1] and Salaam [2] upon Muhammad (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) when his name is mentioned. Allaah has commanded us [3]:

    (????? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ? ??? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ???


    “Verily Allaah and His Angels send salaah on the Prophet. O you who believe! Invoke salaah upon him, as well as a complete salaam!” (33:56)


    And the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) said:

    "For each time someone invokes salaah upon me, Allaah writes for him ten good rewards because of it." [4]


    And the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) had described the one who does not send salaah upon him when he is mentioned as "the stingiest of people." [5] And he exclaimed "Aameen!" to Jibreel's supplication,

    "May Allaah repel the one who hears mention of you and does not invoke any salaah upon you!" [6]


    So here is the issue that needs to be clarified: Many people use the abbreviation "SAW" or "PBUH" to fulfill this obligation in their writing. Is this something that fulfills the obligation of sending the salaah and salaam on the Messenger? Let us look now to some of the statements of the scholars regarding this practice.

    Bakr Aboo Zayd said, "The safe practice, the way of true love, (seeking) reward (from Allaah), respect and honor for the Prophet of this nation is to send the salaah and salaam upon him when he is mentioned (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam), carrying out the order of Allaah and the guidance of his Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam). For this reason, written abbreviations or symbols used to represent salaah and salaam upon the Messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) are prohibited. Some examples of these are: SAAD (?), SAAD-'AYN-MEEM (???), SAAD-LAAM-'AYN-MEEM (????), SAAD-LAAM-MEEM (???), SAAD-LAAM-YAA'-WAAW (????), and SAAD-LAAM-'AYN." [7]

    These example are all used in some 'Arabic books. The English equivalents of these abbreviations would be: SAAWS, SAW, PBUH, and the likes.

    'Abdul-Qaadir Al-Maghribee said, "As for SAAD-LAAM-'AYN-MEEM (????), it seems as if it was invented in the 9th century after Hijrah. In the explanation of the Alfiyyah of Al-'Iraaqee, a book about the sciences of Hadeeth, the author says, "Abbreviations must be avoided, as well as neglecting it." This means that one should stay away from symbols and not abbreviate it by removing some of its letters, rather he should employ it ("sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam") fully in his speech and writing.

    The author, Shaykh Zakariyyaa Al-Ansaaree, then mentioned that Imaam An-Nawawee related that there is consensus among those who are relied upon that it is legislated to send salaah upon the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) in speech as well as writing. So therefore, it not from the Sunnah to use symbols or abbreviations in place of it.

    Then Shaykh Al-Ansaaree mentioned that the first one to use a symbol for it, his hand had been cut off, and Allaah's Refuge is sought…" [8]

    Ibn Hajr Al-Haythamee said, "The word "SAAD-LAAM-'AYN-MEEM" (????) is not permissible. Rather, it is binding on us to send the salaah and the salaam." [9]

    Al-Fayrooza-abaadee said, "It is not appropriate to use symbols or abbreviations to refer to salaah and salaam, as some of the lazy ones do, as well as some ignorant people and even some students of knowledge - they write 'SAAD-LAAM-'AYN-MEEM' instead of writing 'sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam.'" [10]

    Ahmad Shaakir said, may Allaah have mercy on him, "It is the absurd tradition of some of the later generations that they abbreviate the writing of 'sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam.'" [11]







    Wasee Allaah 'Abbaas, may Allaah preserve him, said: "It is not permissible to abbreviate the salaams in general in one's writing, just as it is not permissible to abbreviate the salaah and salaam on the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam). It is also not permissible to abbreviate either of these in one's speech." [12]

    Some of the ignorant nussaakh who were just paid to copy books (by writing) used to abbreviate the salaah and salaam on the messenger with "SAAD-LAAM-'AYN-MEEM" (????) in a connected way so that it looked like a word in 'arabic: SAL'AMA (????). So then some of them began to guess at its meaning, thinking it was a 4-lettered verb (rubaa'ee), ie. "kaan An-Nabiyyu sal'ama fee baytihi..." guessing at the meaning: "it must be a word for sitting with a certain posture" etc. wallaahul-musta'aan.

    And Allaah knows best. May the most perfect and complete salaah and salaam be upon our beloved Messenger, and upon his noble family and companions.


    Footnotes:

    [1] Sending salaah on the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) means that one invokes Allaah to praise him and mention his high status to the angels. See Jalaal Al-Afhaam (p.253) of Ibn Al-Qayyim, Fat-hul-Baaree (11/179-197) of Ibn Hajr, or Ibn Katheer's tafseer to verse 33:56.

    [2] salaam: security

    [3] the meaning of Soorah Al-Ahzaab (33):56

    [4] an authentic hadeeth collected by Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh (#906, 3/187) on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him). Al-Albaanee declared it to be saheeh in Silsilatul-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah (#3359, 7/1080).

    [5] from a hasan hadeeth collected by Ibn Abee Ad-Dunyaa in As-Salaah 'Alan-Nabee (p.30-31) on the authority of Aboo Tharr (may Allaah be pleased with him). Hamdee As-Salafee called it hasan in his checking of the book.[6] from an authentic hadeeth collected by At-Tabaraanee in Al-Mu'jam Al-Kabeer on the authority of Jaabir ibn Samurah (may Allaah be pleased with him). Al-Albaanee authenticated it in his checking of Al-Munthiree's At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (#1677,2/298).[7] Mu'jam Al-Manaahee Al-Laf-thiyyah (p.188)[8] Mu'jam Al-Manaahee Al-Laf-thiyyah (p.188-189)

    [9] Al-Fataawaa Al-Hadeethiyyah (p.168)

    [10] from his book As-Salaatu wal-Bushr, as quoted in Mu'jam Al-Manaahee Al-Laf-thiyyah (p.351)

    [11] the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad (#5088, 9/105)

    [12] from a handwritten answer given by the shaykh (dated 1423/6/24)
    __________________________
    LIFE IS NOT REALLY ABOUT THE PEOPLE WHO ACT TRUE IN FRONT OF YOU..

    IT IS ACTUALLY ABOUT THE PEOPLE REMAIN TRUE BEHIND YOUR BACK.....


 

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