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    new_new Brief Background of Karbala Incident

    Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu) was the youngest son of Hazrat Ali (Radi Allah Anhu) by Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)'s daughter Hazrat Fatimah (Radi Allah Anha). Hazrat Ali (Radi Allah Anhu) was the fourth Caliph of Islam. When Yazid, son of Muawiyah, became Caliph he demanded faithfulness from Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu). He refused because of Yazid's wrong doings. Eventually he had to deal with Yazid. It had to be done, to rule out any further deterioration and eventual disintegration of Islam.



    muharram - Brief Background of Karbala Incident




    Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu) strengthened his campaign. He was determined to accomplish his mission by means more vigorous than had hitherto been used. He deserves full credit for the exemplary courage and composure with which he handled the ugly situation. He did not resort to aggression yet firmly resisted Yazid's bluster.


    It all started with claims of Khilafat (Caliphate).


    Hazrat Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was ill, and death drew near. When Hazrat Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was asked to choose a successor (leader) of the Muslims, he refused. When death took this great soul, Muslims were left leaderless.


    It is said that at the time when Hazrat Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) died, Hazrat Umar (Radi Allah Anhu) was telling others that Hazrat Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), who meant so much to them, could not die. Abu Bakr (Radi Allah Anhu) at this time went to Hazrat Muhammad’s (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) home and found his body lying in the laps of Ayesha (Radi Allah Anha). Abu Bakr (Radi Allah Anhu) came back, and tried to tell Hazrat Umar (Radi Allah Anhu) in private what has happened. Seeing that Hazrat Umar (Radi Allah Anhu) was not willing to pay attention, he declared that the prophet (peace and blessings upon him) has passed away, and recited this verse from the Qur’an: “Muhammad is but a prophet, (prophets) like whom has passed away in the past…“


    Abu Bakr (Radi Allah Anhu) was elected the new leader of the Ummah (The Muslim community). A part of the Muslims wanted Hazrat Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) ibn Abu Talib, who was of the same blood as Hazrat Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to be the new leader. Some people (who later were to become the Shias) believed that only people of Hazrat Muhammad’s (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) blood should be leaders of the community. This is the main cause of friction between the Shias and the Sunnis. However, as Abu Bakr (Radi Allah Anhu) was elected, Hazrat Ali (Radi Allah Anhu) apparently accepted the new leader with some reservation (this is disputed). Upon being elected Abu Bakr (Radi Allah Anhu) gave this wonderful short speech which should be the spirit of modern day democracies:


    “The weak among you shall be strong with me until their rights have been vindicated; and the strong among you shall be weak with me until, if the Lord wills, I have taken what is due from them… Obey me as long as I obey God and His Messenger. When I disobey Him and His Prophet, then obey me not.”


    After Abu Bakr (Radi Allah Anhu)’s death (634 AD), Hazrat Umar (Radi Allah Anhu) was elected the caliph (assassinated, in 644 AD), followed by Hazrat Usman (Radi Allah Anhu) (again assassinated, 656 AD), followed by Hazrat Ali (Radi Allah Anhu) ibn Abu Talib (until 661, when he was assassinated while offering his prayers). These four leaders are called the four rightly guided leaders, or Al-Rashidun.


    Hazrat Ali (Radi Allah Anhu)’s son Imam Hassan (Radi Allah Anhu) was a contestant for the Caliphate. The Syrian Muawiyah, who had been fighting Hazrat Ali (Radi Allah Anhu) for the Caliphate, now started preparing for a war. Imam Hassan (Radi Allah Anhu) avoided war by signing an agreement with him giving Muawiyah the Caliphate and thus saving bloodshed. Hassan (Radi Allah Anhu) was later poisoned to death.


    After Muawiyah’s death, it was expected that Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu) (younger brother of Imam Hassan, Radi Allah Anhu) will contest for caliphate. But Muawiyah, before his death, nominated his son Yazid for the Caliphate. Thus the post of Caliphate became hereditary from this point. Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu) raised in revolution and was crushed and martyred at deserts of Karbala.


    On the occasion of 10th of Muharram the day of Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu)’s martyrdom is remembered. Muslims mourn the death of Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu). Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu) had to fight, for justice, even though he was too less in numbers (mythology say 72/73 on Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu)’s side fought over a hundred thousands).







 

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